• Marine Conservation
  • Wildlife Conservation

GVI’s beginners guide to conservation

Article by GVI


Posted: February 9, 2023

Conservation is the act of protecting and preserving our natural resources and wildlife for future generations. It involves implementing a range of conservation methods to address the various threats facing the environment and biodiversity, including habitat loss, climate change, pollution, and over-exploitation of species. There are several different approaches to conservation, each with its own unique set of techniques and strategies.

Conservation methods – habitat conservation

Habitat conservation is critical for protecting species and preserving biodiversity. The destruction and degradation of habitats, such as forests, wetlands, and grasslands, is one of the primary threats to species survival. Habitat conservation efforts aim to preserve and restore these habitats, as well as minimise the impacts of human activities on them. This can be done through various techniques:


  • Land use planning: This involves the design and implementation of land use policies that take into account the need to preserve and protect habitats.
  • Restoration projects: These are efforts to restore degraded or damaged habitats, such as wetlands, forests, and grasslands.
  • Protected areas: This includes the creation of national parks, wildlife reserves, and other protected areas that aim to preserve habitats and biodiversity.

Conservation methods – wildlife conservation

This method is focused on protecting individual species and their populations, as well as the habitats they depend on. Wildlife conservation is important because it helps to maintain biodiversity and prevent the extinction of species. This can involve measures such as: 


  • Hunting regulations: This involves setting rules and regulations for hunting and fishing to ensure the sustainability of wildlife populations.
  • Habitat protection: This involves preserving and protecting the habitats that wildlife depend on, such as forests, wetlands, and grasslands.
  • Wildlife management: This involves the active management of wildlife populations, such as controlled hunting, introduction of new populations, and habitat restoration.


Read more about GVI’s work in wildlife conservation

Conservation methods – marine conservation


The health of our oceans is crucial for the survival of many species and for maintaining the balance of the planet’s ecosystems. Marine conservation efforts focus on preserving and restoring marine ecosystems, such as coral reefs, and the species that depend on them. This can involve measures such as:


  • Reducing pollution: This involves reducing the levels of pollutants, such as oil and plastic, that can harm marine ecosystems and species.
  • Habitat protection: This involves preserving and protecting critical marine habitats, such as coral reefs and mangroves.
  • Sustainable fishing practices: This involves implementing fishing practices that ensure the sustainability of fish populations and the health of marine ecosystems.


Read about GVI’s marine conservation and sustainable fishing programs. 

Conservation methods – forest conservation

Forests play a critical role in regulating the Earth’s climate, preserving biodiversity, and supporting the livelihoods of many people. Forest conservation efforts aim to protect and preserve forests, including reforestation and the implementation of sustainable forest management practices. The most pressing forest conservation project on earth is the multi-country effort to preserve the Amazon rainforest. The Amazon is the largest tropical rainforest in the world and is home to an incredible diversity of species. In recent decades, the forest has been threatened by deforestation, primarily for agriculture and urban development. Without it, our fight against the climate crisis would be lost. Fortunately, forests like the Amazon can be saved using strategies such as: 


  • Reducing deforestation: This involves reducing the rate at which forests are being lost, primarily due to human activities such as agriculture and urban development.
  • Habitat protection: This involves preserving and protecting critical forest habitats and the species that depend on them.
  • Sustainable forest management: This involves implementing practices that ensure the sustainability of forest ecosystems and the species that depend on them.


Read more about GVI’s work in forest conservation in the Peruvian Amazon.

Conservation methods – water conservation

Water is a precious resource, and conserving it is essential for ensuring a sustainable future. Water conservation efforts focus on using water efficiently and preserving water resources. This can involve measures such as: 

  • Reducing water waste
  • Improving water management practices
  • Promoting water-saving technologies

Conservation methods – climate conservation

Climate change is one of the greatest threats to our planet and its inhabitants. Climate conservation efforts aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and implement strategies to mitigate and adapt to the effects of climate change. This can involve measures such as:

  • Reducing carbon emissions
  • Improving energy efficiency
  • Promoting the use of renewable energy source

Conservation methods – biodiversity conservation

Biodiversity, or the variety of species and ecosystems, is essential for maintaining the balance of nature and ensuring the survival of species. Biodiversity conservation efforts aim to preserve this diversity by protecting critical habitats and species, as well as minimising the impacts of human activities on the environment. This can involve measures such as:

  • Habitat restoration
  • Protected area management
  •  The reduction of pollution and waste


Each of these conservation methods is unique and necessary in its own way, but it’s important to understand that each of these all need to be used together to be fully effective. They help to ensure the long-term health and sustainability of our planet and all its inhabitants – human, plant and animal. By implementing a range of conservation methods, we can help to protect and preserve our natural resources, prevent the loss of biodiversity, and ensure a healthy and sustainable future for all life on earth. Whether through habitat protection, wildlife conservation, marine conservation, or forest conservation, each and every one of us has a role to play in ensuring the success of this important work. By working together, we can help to ensure that our planet remains a rich and diverse place for generations to come.

what’s up next?
Endangered Species That Have Recovered: Stories of Hope

Discover the inspiring stories of endangered species that have recovered from the brink of extinction. Learn how you can get involved in conservation efforts.

You might also like these articles

The Rising Tide of Marine Plastic Pollution
Read the article
What Degree Do You Need to Be a Marine Biologist?
Read the article
Marine Conservation
Endangered Marine Animals: The Crisis Beneath the Waves
Read the article
Exploring Marine Biology Jobs
Read the article
Marine Biomes: Understanding the Different Types of Ocean Ecosystems
Read the article
The Fastest Marine Mammal: Exploring the Top Contenders
Read the article
How Many Marine Animals Die From Plastic Pollution?
Read the article
Marine Conservation Volunteering: How You Can Make a Difference
Read the article
The Fascinating World of Marine Animals
Read the article